Wastewater is generated from various sources and processes such as industrial production on a daily basis and untreated wastewater could adversely affect the environment. Wastewater usually contains hazardous toxins bacteriological components, greases, oils, heavy metals, impurities from pharmaceuticals, nutrients, viruses, and other impurities. These pollutants can disturb ecosystem and lifecycle; if released to natural water sources. Biological treatment, membrane filtration, screening, chemical treatment and other techniques can be used to recover pure water from wastewater. Membrane wastewater treatment is a relatively long-term process and has low maintenance cost. It uses several filtration processes with different geometries to clean wastewater.
The membranes that are to be used in wastewater treatment can be of two types; i.e. isotropic membranes and anisotropic membranes. Membrane processes that are used to treat industrial and municipal wastewater are reverse-osmosis membrane (RO) process, micro-filtration membranes (MF) process, nano-filtration membrane (NF) process and ultra-filtration membranes (UF) process. Most of the RO, UF, NF and MF processes use synthetic-organic polymer membranes.
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Some examples of membranes used in MF and UF are poly-vinylidene fluoride (PVF), poly-acrylonitrile (PAN), poly-sulfone, Cellulose, poly-tetrafluroethylene (PTFE) and PAN-PVF copolymer. Some other materials used for RO include cellulose acetate and polysulfone coated polyamides. For NF it is cellulose acetate blends and polyamide composites. Other inorganic materials include ceramics and metals. On the basis of product type it has four modules such as spiral wound, tubular, plate and frame and hollow fiber membrane module.
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Some of the factors driving this market are growing awareness towards water pollution and an increasing demand for clean water due to health concerns. However, the high installation cost of membrane filtration plant may restrict the market. Smart membrane filters for microbial sensing is expected future trend in this market. Koch Membrane Systems, Inc., Toray Industries, Inc., Pall Corporation, GE Water & Process Technologies and Siemens Water Technologies Corp. are some of the leading manufacturers in this market.
This research report analyzes this market depending on its market segments, major geographies, and current market trends. Geographies analyzed under this research report include
- North America
- Asia Pacific
- Rest of the World
This report provides comprehensive analysis of
- Market growth drivers
- Factors limiting market growth
- Current market trends
- Market structure
- Market projections for upcoming years
This report is a complete study of current trends in the market, industry growth drivers, and restraints. It provides market projections for the coming years. It includes analysis of recent developments in technology, Porter’s five force model analysis and detailed profiles of top industry players. The report also includes a review of micro and macro factors essential for the existing market players and new entrants along with detailed value chain analysis.
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